Rubies, Rare, Royal

The ruby which is the birthstone of July, is also a symbol of romance and devotion making it an excellent choice when deciding which stone to have for an engagement ring. The ruby is also the traditional wedding gift for couples celebrating their 15th and 40th anniversary. In England, the ruby was used for coronation rings and to this day enjoys popularity among royalty. In 1986 Fergie, Sarah Ferguson who became the Duchess of York received a ruby engagement ring from Prince Andrew.

In the ancient language of Sanskrit, ruby is called ratnaraj, or ‘king of precious stones‘ and in the first century AD, it was the Roman scholar Pliny who included rubies in his Natural History describing the stones as being a very hard and dense stone. The origins of the name ruby comes from the Latin word ruber, meaning ‘red’. In the early days the ruby was also a representation of the sun, giving the ruby a more profound significance with integrity, devotion, happiness, healing, courage, romance, generosity, inspiration, and prosperity.

Since the ruby has been used as a gemstone for centuries, it can be seen in a variety of styles, from Indian jewellery to Art Deco and contemporary fine jewelelry. Being a durable material, the ruby that can be worn daily as rings, earrings or necklaces. In Indian style jewellery, rubies are often mixed with emeralds and diamonds using gold settings to provide a striking contrast to the red of ruby.  More modern jewellery settings for ruby include white gold and platinum, whereas traditional settings tend to be gold.

Where rubies are found in the world?
Rubies have historically been mined in Thailand, the Pailin and Samlout District of Cambodia, Burma, India, Afghanistan, Australia, Namibia, Colombia, Japan, Scotland, Brazil and in Pakistan. In Sri Lanka, lighter shades of rubies (often “pink sapphires”) are more commonly found.

It is the colour of the ruby that is its most important quality factor. The most sought after colour is a strong pure red to red with a hint of blue. The ruby is often mixed-cut, with brilliant-cut crowns and step-cut pavilions. The most common shapes you will see are ovals and cushions but rubies of over one carat are very rare, so the price increases greatly with size. The Four C’s of selecting the perfect diamond – colour, clarity, cut, and carat – also apply to rubies.

Alan Caplan’s Ruby or the Mogok Ruby: It is really impossible to find out about the finest ruby ever present. However this stone holds the distinction of being finest with a highest per carat price. It is 15.97ct untreated Burma beauty auctioned by Sotheby in 1986. It was reportedly purchased by Graff and later sold for a huge sum to Sultan of Brunei.

The Private Diamond Club have now introduced rubies to their collection of precious coloured stones jewellery, along with emeralds and sapphires. The Roxana is an exquisite diamond and ruby ring set in 18K gold. The siam ruby is 4.98ct is set in a twist design with 468 diamonds totaling 2.37cts.

Sapphires, blue is the colour…

For those born in September, you are fortunate to have
the Sapphire as your birthstone.

“A maiden born when autumn leaves
Are rustling in September’s breeze,
A sapphire on her brow should bind;
To bring her joy and peace of mind.”

Sapphires have been treasured for thousands of years and it was the ancient Romans who polished them so they can be worn as jewellery.

The most valuable colour of Sapphire is a cornflower blue colour, known as Kashmir Sapphire or Cornflower Blue Sapphire. The Kashmir region of India/Pakistan was famous for its Kashmir-blue Sapphire, but little comes from the region now. Sapphires are however found in many places around the world, including Australia, Madagascar, Malawi, Sri Lanka, and the United States.

Sapphires are one of the most durable natural elements in the world. Gemstones are rated on their ability to withstand scratching based on a system called the Mohs Scale of Hardness, and Sapphires score a high 9 out of 10 and with only the diamond that can scratch a sapphire. The durability of Sapphires makes them an excellent choice for engagement rings and other pieces of jewellery that you plan to wear every day.

Deep blue sapphires have long been associated with royalty and it is quite possible that this association may have contributed to the naming of the colour ‘royal blue‘. Medieval kings often wore Sapphires believing the gemstones would protect them from their enemies. The sapphire was said to represent the purity of the soul and priests before and during the Middle Ages would wear sapphires as protection from impure thoughts and temptations of the flesh.

Sapphires are used both as centrepiece gemstone in pendants and rings, as well as a secondary stone to complement other gemstones such as Diamonds.

Napoleon Bonaparte gave this beautiful Sapphire and Diamond ring to Josephine in 1796

French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte gave to his beloved Josephine a sapphire engagement ring in 1796. It features a pear-shaped Sapphire next to a pear-shaped Diamond, on a simple gold band. In 2013 the ring sold at auction for $1.17 million to an anonymous buyer.

Engagement Ring: Lady Diana Spencer and Kate Middleton

The most famous royal Sapphire today is the engagement ring featuring an 18-carat oval blue Sapphire surrounded by Diamonds, given to Lady Diana Spencer in 1981 by Prince Charles. It has seen been given to the now Duchess of Cambridge, Kate Middleton to celebrate her engagement to Prince William.

The Private Diamond Club have now introduced three beautiful sapphire pieces ‘Sabrina‘, ‘Stella‘ and Sophia. These rings are created using quality stones and 18 carat yellow, white or pink gold. A piece of jewellery to truly love and treasure forever.